Situation of human rights in Myanmar

Year

2021

UN Body

Human Rights Council

Session

46

Session Type

HRC Regular

Agenda Item

4

Country Concerned

Myanmar

Condemnatory

Yes

Analysis

  • While the resolution contains minor praise for the "elected civilian government" of Myanmar, its focus is to condemn the recent military coup in the country and serious violations by the Myanmar armed forces, including arbitrary arrests, disproportionate use of force and violations against the Rohingya. The resolution also extends the mandate of the Special Rapporteur and endorses the work of the independent fact-finding mission.
  • Myanmar strongly objected to the resolution, calling it “politicized” and “one-sided” and “categorically rejected” the FFM and the extension of its mandate.
  • Moreover, the resolution was adopted under Item 4, the primary framework for addressing country-specific human rights situations, signaling criticism.

Main Sponsors

European Union

Vote

Consensus

Key Praise

None

Key Criticism

  • "Condemns in the strongest termsthe deposition of the elected civilian Government carried out by the Myanmar armed forces on 1 February 2021, which constitutes an unacceptable attempt to forcibly overturn the results of the general elections of 8 November 2020 and a major step back in the democratic transition of Myanmar..."
  • "Calls upon the Myanmar armed forces to respect the will of the people as expressed by the results of the general elections of 8 November 2020, to end the state of emergency and to restore the elected civilian Government by opening the newly elected Parliament to allow the sustained democratic transition of Myanmar..."
  • "Calls for the immediate and unconditional release of President Win Myint, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and all those who have been arbitrarily detained..."
  • "Condemns the disproportionate use of force, including the indiscriminate use of lethal force, by the Myanmar armed forces and police."
  • "Expresses grave concern at continuing reports of human rights violations and abuses in Myanmar, including sexual and gender-based violence and violations and abuses against children, in particular in Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Rakhine and Shan States, and calls upon all parties and armed groups, in particular the Myanmar armed and security forces, to end immediately violence and all violations of international law..."
  • "Calls for the Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar to continue to discharge its mandate..."
  • "Decides to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar for a further period of one year..."
  • "Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to monitor and assess the overall human rights situation in Myanmar, with a particular focus on accountability regarding alleged violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law..."

Full Vote

  • Yes0

  • No0

  • Abstain0