Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic

Year

2021

UN Body

Human Rights Council

Session

46

Session Type

HRC Regular

Agenda Item

4

Country Concerned

Syria

Condemnatory

Yes

Analysis

  • The resolution strongly condemns multiple egregious human rights violations by the Syrian authorities, including arbitrary detention, torture, use of rape and sexual violence as a tool to punish and instill fear, widespread displacement of civilians and use of chemical weapons.
  • Syria strongly opposed the resolution which it said contained “fabricated allegations.” It’s allies voted against the resolution.
  • Moreover, the resolution was adopted under Item 4, the primary framework for addressing country-specific human rights situations, signaling criticism.

Main Sponsors

France, Germany, Italy, Jordan, Kuwait, Netherlands, Qatar, Turkey, United Kingdom

Vote

Yes - 27, No - 6, Abstain - 14

Key Praise

None

Key Criticism

  • "Strongly condemns all violations and abuses and the ongoing human rights situation, demands that all parties immediately comply with their respective obligations under international humanitarian law and international human rights law..."
  • "Deeply deplores in this regard that the civilian population continues to bear the brunt of the conflict and that civilians, as well as objects indispensible to their survival, continue to be targets of deliberate and indiscriminate attacks, including with prohibited weapons and munitions, notably by the regime and its State and non-State allies..."
  • "Strongly condemns the continued use of arbitrary detention, torture and ill-treatment, including through sexual and gender-based violence, involuntary or enforced disappearance and summary executions, which the Commission of Inquiry recently noted had been carried out with consistency, in particular by the Syrian authorities..."
  • "Also strongly condemns that tens of thousands of individuals have been killed in custody of the regime and that in detention centres rape and sexual violence have been used, including against children, as a tool to punish, humiliate and instill fear..."
  • "Condemns the targeting of, threats against, harassment, arrests and murders of journalists and media workers by the Syrian authorities..."
  • "Strongly condemns the fact that the use of chemical weapons has been a devastating feature of the Syrian conflict, notes with deep concern that the Commission of Inquiry has documented 38 separate instances of the use of chemical weapons, of which 32 met its standard of proof for attribution to the Syrian regime..."
  • "Decides to extend the mandate of the Commission of Inquiry for a period of one year."

Full Vote

  • Yes27

    • Argentina
    • Austria
    • Bahamas
    • Brazil
    • Bulgaria
    • Ivory Coast
    • Czech Republic
    • Denmark
    • Fiji
    • France
    • Gabon
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Japan
    • Libya
    • Malawi
    • Marshall Islands
    • Mexico
    • Netherlands
    • Philippines
    • Poland
    • South Korea
    • Somalia
    • Togo
    • Ukraine
    • United Kingdom
    • Uruguay
  • No6

    • Armenia
    • Bolivia
    • China
    • Cuba
    • Russia
    • Venezuela
  • Abstain14

    • Bahrain
    • Bangladesh
    • Burkina Faso
    • Cameroon
    • Eritrea
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • Mauritania
    • Namibia
    • Nepal
    • Pakistan
    • Senegal
    • Sudan
    • Uzbekistan