Promotion and protection of human rights in Nicaragua

Year

2023

UN Body

Human Rights Council

Session

52

Session Type

HRC Regular

Agenda Item

2

Country Concerned

Nicaragua

Condemnatory

Yes

Analysis

  • This resolution clearly condemns the government for violations, including legislation that violates human rights, intimidation and reprisals against those who cooperate with UN human rights mechanisms, violations of freedom of expression, arbitrary arrests, and the revocation of citizenship of released political prisoners. The resolution also renews the mandate of a group of experts to investigate human rights violations in the country.
  • Nicaragua strongly rejected the resolution and the High Commissioner's report which it said was based on "false information."

Main Sponsors

Costa Rica, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru

Vote

Yes - 21, No - 5, Abstain - 21, Absent - 0

Key Praise

None

Key Criticism

  • "Expressing grave concern at the violations of civil and political rights in the lead-up to and during the municipal elections held in November 2022…"
  • "Expressing grave concern at the adoption and continued use of legal provisions that explicitly aim, have been used or may be used to restrict the ability of Nicaraguans to exercise their fundamental freedoms…"
  • "Condemning the continuation of arbitrary detentions and new arbitrary detentions, including in the context of the municipal electoral process of 2022…"
  • "Expressing grave concern at continuing reports of trials of persons who were arbitrarily detained, which have been held without respect for due process or legal guarantees…"
  • "Condemning in the strongest terms the decision of Nicaragua to arbitrarily revoke the Nicaraguan nationality of the 222 political prisoners forcibly deported on 9 February 2023…"
  • "Condemning in the strongest terms the arbitrary seizure of assets, belonging to, amongst others, persons who have been arbitrarily stripped of their nationality, conducted by the Government of Nicaragua."
  • "Condemning the growing restrictions imposed by Nicaragua on the exercise of the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, including by the arbitrary arrest and harassment of religious leaders."
  • "Condemning also all acts of intimidation, harassment and reprisals, both online and offline, by State and non-State actors against individuals and groups that seek to cooperate or have cooperated with the United Nations…"
  • "Decides to renew, for a period of two years, the mandate of the Group of Human Rights Experts on Nicaragua as established in its resolution 49/3."

Full Vote

  • Yes21

    • Argentina
    • Belgium
    • Chile
    • Costa Rica
    • Czech Republic
    • Finland
    • France
    • Gambia
    • Georgia
    • Germany
    • Lithuania
    • Luxembourg
    • Malawi
    • Mexico
    • Montenegro
    • Morocco
    • Paraguay
    • Romania
    • Ukraine
    • United Kingdom
    • United States
  • No5

    • Algeria
    • China
    • Cuba
    • Eritrea
    • Vietnam
  • Abstain21

    • Bangladesh
    • Benin
    • Bolivia
    • Cameroon
    • Ivory Coast
    • Gabon
    • Honduras
    • India
    • Kazakhstan
    • Kyrgyzstan
    • Malaysia
    • Maldives
    • Nepal
    • Pakistan
    • Qatar
    • Senegal
    • Somalia
    • South Africa
    • Sudan
    • United Arab Emirates
    • Uzbekistan
  • Absent0