Cooperation with Georgia

Year

2023

UN Body

Human Rights Council

Session

52

Session Type

HRC Regular

Agenda Item

10

Country Concerned

Russia

Condemnatory

Yes

Analysis

  • Like last year's resolution on Georgia, this year's resolution attributes violations to Russia by "taking note" of the judgment by the European Court of Human Rights which "confirmed" that Russia has "effective control" over Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia and is responsible for "human rights violations committed therein." Also, in its introduction of the resolution, Georgia described it as being about "Russian occupied regions of Georgia."
  • Furthermore, the resolution condemns Russia's ongoing military presence in the Tskhinvali and South Ossetia regions.
  • That being said, the resolution would have been stronger if it had been adopted under Agenda Item 4.

Main Sponsors

Georgia

Vote

Yes - 22, No - 4, Abstain - 21, Absent - 0

Key Praise

  • "Welcoming the cooperation of the Government of Georgia with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and its office in Tbilisi..."

Key Criticism

  • "Taking note of the judgment of 21 January 2021 of the European Court of Human Rights in the case Georgia v. Russia (II), which confirmed, inter alia, the effective control of the Russian Federation over Abkhazia, Georgia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia, Georgia after the war between the Russian Federation and Georgia in August 2008, and its responsibility for the human rights violations committed therein."
  • "Taking note also of the judgment of 7 March 2023 of the European Court of Human Rights in the case Mamasakhlisi and Others v. Georgia and Russia, which once again confirmed the effective control of the Russian Federation over Abkhazia, Georgia before the war between the Russian Federation and Georgia in August 2008, and its full responsibility for human rights violations in the region."
  • "Acknowledging the conclusion of the investigation phase into the situation in Georgia by the International Criminal Court in 2022, which resulted in the issuance of arrest warrants for war crimes committed against civilians perceived to be ethnically Georgian from 1 July to 10 October 2008, including during the war between the Russian Federation and Georgia in August 2008, and noting the alleged role of the Russian military official uncovered by the investigation."
  • "Condemning the ongoing illegal military presence of the Russian Federation in Abkhazia, Georgia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia, Georgia, without the consent of Georgia..."
  • "Expressing serious concern at various forms of reported discrimination against ethnic Georgians, cases of torture and other forms of ill-treatment, infringements of the right to life, the right to liberty and security of person..."
  • "Expressing serious concern further over the arbitrary detentions and kidnappings...which in some cases involve shooting, torture and other forms of ill-treatment..."
  • "Expressing serious concern at the lack of accountability for unlawful killings of Georgian citizens committed in the period from 2014 to 2020..."
  • "Expressing concern that internally displaced persons and refugees continue to be deprived of the right to return to their homes in Abkhazia, Georgia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia, Georgia in a safe and dignified manner."
  • "Demands that immediate and unimpeded access be given to the Office of the High Commissioner and international and regional human rights mechanisms to Abkhazia, Georgia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia, Georgia."

Full Vote

  • Yes22

    • Belgium
    • Chile
    • Costa Rica
    • Czech Republic
    • Finland
    • France
    • Gambia
    • Georgia
    • Germany
    • Honduras
    • Lithuania
    • Luxembourg
    • Malawi
    • Maldives
    • Mexico
    • Montenegro
    • Paraguay
    • Romania
    • Senegal
    • Ukraine
    • United Kingdom
    • United States
  • No4

    • Bolivia
    • China
    • Cuba
    • Eritrea
  • Abstain21

    • Algeria
    • Argentina
    • Bangladesh
    • Benin
    • Cameroon
    • Ivory Coast
    • Gabon
    • India
    • Kazakhstan
    • Kyrgyzstan
    • Malaysia
    • Morocco
    • Nepal
    • Pakistan
    • Qatar
    • Somalia
    • South Africa
    • Sudan
    • United Arab Emirates
    • Uzbekistan
    • Vietnam
  • Absent0