Situation of human rights in Belarus

Year

2023

UN Body

Human Rights Council

Session

53

Session Type

Regular

Agenda Item

4

Country Concerned

Belarus

Condemnatory

Yes

Analysis

  • The resolution strongly condemns severe human rights violations by Belarus, from arbitrary killings and systematic torture of detainees to denial of the right to a fair trial. Furthermore, it extends the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on human rights in Belarus.
  • Belarus objected to the resolution and to the extension of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur.
  • Moreover, the resolution was adopted under Item 4, the primary framework for addressing country-specific human rights situations, signaling criticism.

Main Sponsors

European Union

Vote

Yes - 20, No - 6, Abstain - 21, Absent - 0

Key Praise

None

Key Criticism

  • "Expresses deep concern about the continuing systematic violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms in Belarus…"
  • "Strongly condemns the widespread and systematic violations of international human rights law... including arbitrary deprivation of the right to life and to liberty, and the continued systematic and widespread torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment of and sexual and gender-based violence against individuals…"
  • "Expresses deep concern about the reported repression of persons exercising their right to freedom of expression and opinion by speaking out against the aggression by the Russian Federation against Ukraine and the support of Belarus for that aggression…"
  • "Deplores the lack of independence of the judiciary and other violations of fair trial rights that have led to unjust criminal prosecution, conviction and sentencing of human rights defenders in Belarus for their legitimate human rights work..."
  • "Demands in this respect the immediate and unconditional release of all persons arbitrarily or unlawfully detained in Belarus and also demands that the Belarusian authorities immediately cease the criminal or administrative prosecution…"
  • "Expresses deep concern at the use of the death penalty in a context where fair trial guarantees are not respected…"
  • "Decides to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus for a period of one year…"

Full Vote

  • Yes20

    • Argentina
    • Belgium
    • Benin
    • Chile
    • Costa Rica
    • Czech Republic
    • Finland
    • France
    • Gambia
    • Germany
    • Lithuania
    • Luxembourg
    • Malawi
    • Mexico
    • Montenegro
    • Paraguay
    • Romania
    • Ukraine
    • United Kingdom
    • United States
  • No6

    • Bolivia
    • China
    • Cuba
    • Eritrea
    • Kazakhstan
    • Vietnam
  • Abstain21

    • Algeria
    • Bangladesh
    • Cameroon
    • Ivory Coast
    • Gabon
    • Georgia
    • Honduras
    • India
    • Kyrgyzstan
    • Malaysia
    • Maldives
    • Morocco
    • Nepal
    • Pakistan
    • Qatar
    • Senegal
    • Somalia
    • South Africa
    • Sudan
    • United Arab Emirates
    • Uzbekistan
  • Absent0