Responding to the human rights and humanitarian crisis caused by the ongoing armed conflict in the Sudan

Year

2023

UN Body

Human Rights Council

Session

54

Session Type

Regular

Agenda Item

2

Country Concerned

Sudan

Condemnatory

Yes

Analysis

  • The resolution condemns violations by the two militias vying for power in Sudan - The Sudanese Armed Forces controlled by General Burhan, the current military ruler of Sudan, and The Rapid Support Forces, controlled by his rival, General Dagalo. Violations include sexual and gender-based violence, recruitment and use of childrem in armed conflict, and looting of humanitarian convoys.
  • The resolution also creates a Fact-Finding Mission for Sudan.
  • Sudan opposed the resolution indicating that it viewed it as condemnatory.

Main Sponsors

United Kingdom, Germany, Norway, United States

Vote

Yes - 19, No - 16, Abstain - 12, Absent - 0

Key Praise

None

Key Criticism

  • "Condemns the human rights abuses and atrocities reportedly committed in the Darfur region of the Sudan, principally but not exclusively by members of the Rapid Support Forces…"
  • "Expresses its grave concern at reported acts of sexual and gender-based violence, the indiscriminate use of force against civilians by both parties to the conflict, reported acts of indiscriminate aerial bombardments by the Sudanese Armed Forces resulting in civilian deaths and the destruction of civilian homes and critical infrastructure, the recruitment and use of children in armed conflict, principally by the Rapid Support Forces..."
  • "Condemns the attacks on and looting of humanitarian convoys and aid agencies across several areas of the Sudan, including by the Rapid Support Forces in Khartoum, and the continued undue restrictions imposed by the parties to the conflict on humanitarian access…"
  • "Strongly deplores the reported killings, attacks, arbitrary detention of and acts of intimidation, and retaliation against humanitarian and health workers, human rights defenders, community leaders, public servants or local government workers, journalists and other media workers, students and lawyers and other civil society actors, and against members of international organizations and the diplomatic community in the Sudan…"
  • "Decides to urgently establish an independent international fact-finding mission for the Sudan…"

Full Vote

  • Yes19

    • Argentina
    • Belgium
    • Chile
    • Costa Rica
    • Czech Republic
    • Finland
    • France
    • Georgia
    • Germany
    • Honduras
    • Lithuania
    • Luxembourg
    • Mexico
    • Montenegro
    • Paraguay
    • Romania
    • Ukraine
    • United Kingdom
    • United States
  • No16

    • Algeria
    • Bolivia
    • China
    • Ivory Coast
    • Cuba
    • Eritrea
    • Malaysia
    • Maldives
    • Morocco
    • Pakistan
    • Qatar
    • Senegal
    • Somalia
    • Sudan
    • United Arab Emirates
    • Vietnam
  • Abstain12

    • Bangladesh
    • Benin
    • Cameroon
    • Gabon
    • Gambia
    • India
    • Kazakhstan
    • Kyrgyzstan
    • Malawi
    • Nepal
    • South Africa
    • Uzbekistan
  • Absent0