Situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Year

2024

UN Body

Human Rights Council

Session

55

Session Type

HRC Regular

Agenda Item

4

Country Concerned

North Korea

Condemnatory

Yes

Analysis

  • The resolution strongly condemns North Korea for "long-standing and ongoing systematic, widespread and gross human rights violations..." which it says constitute crimes against humanity. The resolution also condemns the government of North Korea for prioritizing developing nuclear weapons over the welfare of its people.
  • In addition, the resolution extends the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on human rights in North Korea.
  • North Korea strongly objected to the resolution.
  • Moreover, the resolution was adopted under Item 4, the primary framework for addressing country-specific human rights situations, signaling criticism.

Main Sponsors

European Union

Vote

Consensus

Key Praise

  • "Recalling with appreciation the submission of the initial report of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities…"
  • "Acknowledging the participation of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in the third cycle of the universal periodic review, recalling the acceptance by the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea of 132 of the 262 recommendations contained in the outcome of the review…"

Key Criticism

  • "Deeply concerned about the systematic, widespread and gross human rights violations in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea that, in many instances, constitute crimes against humanity, and the pervasive culture of impunity and lack of accountability for human rights violations and abuses in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, as described in the report of the commission of inquiry."
  • "Condemning the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea for national policies that continue to divert its resources into pursuing nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles over the welfare of its people…"
  • "Condemns in the strongest terms the long-standing and ongoing systematic, widespread and gross human rights violations and other human rights abuses committed in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea…"
  • "Expresses again its grave concern at the detailed findings made by the commission of inquiry in its report…including: (a) The denial of the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, including the right to adopt a religion or belief, and of the rights to freedom of opinion, expression, and association… (b) Discrimination based on the songbun system, which classifies people on the basis of State-assigned social class and birth and also includes consideration of political opinions and religion… (e) Violations of the right to life and acts of extermination, murder, enslavement, torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment, imprisonment, rape and other grave forms of sexual and gender-based violence and persecution on any grounds… (g) The enforced and involuntary disappearance of persons by arrest, detention or abduction against their will… (h) Systematic abduction, denial of repatriation and subsequent enforced disappearance of persons…"
  • "Urges the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to acknowledge its crimes, abuses and human rights violations, in and outside of the country, and to take immediately all steps necessary to end all such crimes, abuses and violations…"
  • "Decides to extend the mandate of Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea…"

Full Vote

  • Yes0

  • No0

  • Abstain0

  • Absent0