Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic

Year

2024

UN Body

Human Rights Council

Session

55

Session Type

HRC Regular

Agenda Item

4

Country Concerned

Syria

Condemnatory

Yes

Analysis

  • The resolution condemns multiple egregious human rights violations by the Syrian authorities, including enforced disappearances, indiscriminate attacks on civilians, and use of chemical weapons.
  • Syria strongly opposed the resolution.
  • Moreover, the resolution was adopted under Item 4, the primary framework for addressing country-specific human rights situations, signaling criticism.

Main Sponsors

France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Qatar, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States

Vote

Yes - 27, No - 5, Abstain - 15, Absent - 0

Key Praise

None

Key Criticism

  • "Condemning the grave situation of human rights across the Syrian Arab Republic, and demanding that the Syrian regime meet its responsibility to protect the Syrian population and to respect and protect the human rights of all persons within its jurisdiction, including persons in detention and their families."
  • "Strongly condemning the reported killing of detainees in Syrian government facilities and the reported widespread practice of enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention and the use of sexual and gender-based violence, torture and ill treatment at detention centres..."
  • "Calls upon all parties, in particular the Syrian authorities, to maintain rapid, unhindered, safe and sustainable humanitarian access and to ensure that humanitarian assistance reaches its intended recipients…"
  • "Deeply deplores the fact that the civilian population continues to bear the brunt of the conflict, and that civilians, and objects indispensable to their survival, continue to be the targets of deliberate and indiscriminate attacks, including with prohibited weapons and munitions, by all parties to the conflict, notably by the Syrian regime and its State and nonState allies."
  • "Strongly condemns the use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic, demands that all parties desist from any use or preparation of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic, expresses its strong conviction that those responsible for the use of chemical weapons must be held accountable…"
  • "Also strongly condemns all acts of sexual and gender-based violence and abuse in the Syrian Arab Republic, as documented by the Commission of Inquiry in its reports to date…"
  • "Decides to extend the mandate of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic for a period of one year."

Full Vote

  • Yes27

    • Albania
    • Argentina
    • Belgium
    • Benin
    • Bulgaria
    • Chile
    • Costa Rica
    • Ivory Coast
    • Dominican Republic
    • Finland
    • France
    • Gambia
    • Georgia
    • Germany
    • Ghana
    • Honduras
    • Japan
    • Kuwait
    • Lithuania
    • Luxembourg
    • Malawi
    • Montenegro
    • Netherlands
    • Paraguay
    • Qatar
    • Romania
    • United States
  • No5

    • Algeria
    • Burundi
    • China
    • Cuba
    • Eritrea
  • Abstain15

    • Bangladesh
    • Brazil
    • Cameroon
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • Kazakhstan
    • Kyrgyzstan
    • Malaysia
    • Maldives
    • Morocco
    • Somalia
    • South Africa
    • Sudan
    • United Arab Emirates
    • Vietnam
  • Absent0