​Situation of human rights in Belarus

Year

2024

UN Body

Human Rights Council

Session

55

Session Type

HRC Regular

Agenda Item

4

Country Concerned

Belarus

Condemnatory

Yes

Analysis

  • The resolution condemns “widespread and systematic violations of international human rights law” in Belarus. Serious violations ranging from denial of fundamental freedoms to arbitrary arrest and torture are directly attributed to the government. In addition, the resolution criticizes the government for failing to fulfill its obligation to hold free and fair elections.
  • It extends the mandate of the Special Rapporteur and creates a new mechanism - a group of independent experts.
  • Belarus strongly objected to the resolution and its ally, China, voted against the resolution.
  • Moreover, the resolution was adopted under Item 4, the primary framework for addressing country-specific human rights situations, signaling criticism.

Main Sponsors

European Union

Vote

Yes - 24, No - 6, Abstain - 17, Absent - 0

Key Praise

None

Key Criticism

  • "Deeply concerned in this respect by the incarceration of more than 1,400 political prisoners and other persons for having exercised their human rights and by the continuing practice of arbitrary detentions and arrests, including those involving incommunicado detention, of individuals on politically motivated grounds or for exercising their human rights…"
  • "Alarmed by reports of continuing systematic and widespread acts of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment of, and sexual- and gender-based violence against, individuals, including women, children and youth, detained and arrested by Belarusian authorities…"
  • "Deploring the continuing lack of independence and impartiality of the judiciary, the denial of due process and violations of fair trial guarantees under international human rights law…"
  • "Noting with grave concern that, according to the High Commissioner and the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus, some of the violations committed in Belarus may amount to crimes against humanity when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against the civilian population, with knowledge of the attack."
  • "Strongly condemns the widespread and systematic violations of international human rights law, among them arbitrary deprivation of the right to life and to liberty, with mass unlawful detentions and arrests of individuals on politically motivated grounds or for exercising their human rights, enforced disappearance, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, including sexual- and gender-based violence, denial of due process and the right to a fair trial, failure to safeguard the rights and the best interests of the child, violations of the right to education and work, arbitrary denial of the right to enter one’s own country, violations of the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association and to equal protection of the law, as well as other violations of human rights committed in Belarus."
  • "Condemns the actions of the Belarusian authorities in committing an act of unlawful interference that deliberately endangered the safety and security of a commercial passenger aircraft and the lives of all those on board in May 2021…"
  • "Decides to extend the mandate of Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus for a period of one year..."
  • "Also decides to urgently establish, for a renewable period of one year, a group of three independent experts on the situation of human rights in Belarus..."

Full Vote

  • Yes24

    • Albania
    • Argentina
    • Belgium
    • Benin
    • Brazil
    • Bulgaria
    • Chile
    • Costa Rica
    • Dominican Republic
    • Finland
    • France
    • Gambia
    • Germany
    • Ghana
    • Honduras
    • Japan
    • Lithuania
    • Luxembourg
    • Malawi
    • Montenegro
    • Netherlands
    • Paraguay
    • Romania
    • United States
  • No6

    • Algeria
    • Burundi
    • China
    • Cuba
    • Eritrea
    • Vietnam
  • Abstain17

    • Bangladesh
    • Cameroon
    • Ivory Coast
    • Georgia
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • Kazakhstan
    • Kuwait
    • Kyrgyzstan
    • Malaysia
    • Maldives
    • Morocco
    • Qatar
    • Somalia
    • South Africa
    • Sudan
    • United Arab Emirates
  • Absent0