UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC): 2013 Elections
On Wednesday, October 30, the UN General Assembly will elect 18 members to the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) according to geographical representation. (Four new members from the Western Group will rotate into the Council without elections, while another 14 will be elected to fill 18 seats total).
AFRICA (14 seats total: 4 candidates, 4 outgoing, 10 remaining)
- New candidates: Botswana, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, and Togo
- Outgoing: Cameroon, Gabon, Malawi, and Senegal.
- Remaining until 2014: Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Libya, and Nigeria
- Remaining until 2015: Benin, Mauritius, South Africa, Sudan, and Tunisia
ASIA (11 seats total: 1 candidate, 1 outgoing, 3 seek renewal, 7 remaining)
- New candidate: Bangladesh
- Outgoing: Pakistan
- Seeking to renew: China, Kazakhstan, and Republic of Korea,
- Remaining until 2014: India, Indonesia, and Japan
- Remaining until 2015: Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, and Turkmenistan
EASTERN EUROPE: (6 seats total: 2 candidates, 2 outgoing members, 1 seeks renewal, 1 remaining)
- New candidates: Georgia and Serbia
- Outgoing: Bulgaria and Latvia
- Seeking to renew: Federation of Russia
- Remaining until 2014: Belarus
- Remaining until 2015: Albania and Croatia
LATIN AMERICA (10 seats total: 3 candidates, 3 outgoing members, 7 remaining)
- New candidates: Antigua and Barbuda, Guatemala, and Panama
- Outgoing: Ecuador, Mexico, and Nicaragua
- Remaining until 2014: Brazil, Cuba, Dominican Republic, and El Salvador
- Remaining until 2015: Bolivia, Colombia, and Haiti
WESTERN EUROPE AND OTHER STATES* (13 seats total: 4 candidates, 4 members rotating out*, 4 members rotating in*, 5 remaining)
*This group has a rotation scheme where new members replace outgoing members without elections.
- Seeking Renewal: Denmark, New Zealand, Sweden, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
- Rotating out: Ireland, Netherlands, Spain and Turkey
- Rotating in: Germany, Greece, Italy and Portugal
- Remaining until 2014: Austria and France
- Remaining until 2015: Canada, San Marino, and United States of America
ECOSOC is the UN’s principal organ responsible for the coordination of international economic and social work of all UN agencies. As a “central forum for discussion,” ECOSOC aids in formulating policy recommendations on related issues for Member States and the UN system. The organization controls over 70 percent of the UN’s human and financial resources. ECOSOC has a total of 54 members, with one third of the membership elected each year.
In its annual elections, ECOSOC follows the General Assembly’s Rules of Procedure. Members are elected by a two-thirds majority. With terms being immediately renewable upon their expiration on December 31 each year, there is no limit on the amount of times a State’s membership may be renewed.