Fighting Anti-Israeli Bias

Item 7



Claim 44: Israel is Committing Genocide in Gaza Post-October 7th


Qatar, 55th session

“Their starvation, displacement, arrest and torture, while depriving them of humanitarian aid and health care proves the continuing settler project of the occupying authorities and its crime of genocide.”

Brunei, 55th session

“Acts which have escalated from occupation to apartheid, and now genocide.”

Indonesia, 55th session

“The imposition of conditions leading to an imminent famine demonstrate Israel’s intent to eliminate Palestinian populations, fulfilling the criteria of genocide under international conventions.”

Saudi Arabia, 55th session

“We would like to thank the Special Rapporteur for her report, which confirmed the deliberate intention of the occupying entity to commit the crime of genocide against the Palestinian people.”

Saudi Arabia, 55th session

“We would like to thank the Special Rapporteur for her report, which confirmed the deliberate intention of the occupying entity to commit the crime of genocide against the Palestinian people.”

Tunisia, 55th session

“This is a genocide in the full sense of the term as highlighted in the report itself, and Gaza has been destroyed.”

Our Response

UN Watch

UN Watch Response

What is happening in Gaza is not genocide, but the tragic consequences of war—a war that Israel did not start or want. As the International Court of Justice itself stated in a 1999 case brought by Yugoslavia in response to NATO bombings, “the threat or use of force against a State cannot in itself constitute an act of genocide within the meaning of Article II of the Genocide Convention.”[1]

The term genocide was coined in response to the Nazi Holocaust, the systematic pre-meditated murder of six million Jews as part of the Nazi plan to annihilate the Jewish people. As set forth in the Genocide Convention, the crime of genocide requires “an intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.”[2] Israel has no such intention with respect to the Palestinian people. Indeed, Israel’s senior leaders have repeatedly explained that Israel’s goal is only to destroy Hamas.

  • “The IDF operates against Hamas and not against the civilian population in Gaza.” IDF Chief of General Staff Herzi Halevi, October 18, 2023.[3]
  • “We are in the first phase, in which a military campaign is taking place with [airstrikes] and later with a [ground] maneuver with the purpose of destroying operatives and damaging infrastructure in order to defeat and destroy Hamas.” Defense Minister Yoav Gallant, October 20, 2023.[4]
  • “We will continue to fight until victory – until we destroy Hamas and bring our hostages back home… The first task: To achieve absolute victory, to destroy Hamas.” Prime Minister Netanyahu, November 18, 2023.[5]
  • “Hamas must be destroyed, Gaza must be demilitarized, and Palestinian society must be deradicalized. These are the three prerequisites for peace between Israel and its Palestinian neighbors in Gaza.” Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, December 25, 2023.[6]
  • “Our war is against Hamas, not against the people of Gaza. We acknowledge their suffering.” IDF Spokesperson Daniel Hagari, March 4, 2024.[7]
  • “As we work to achieve the goals of this war, namely the destruction of Hamas and the return of the hostages, we recognize the importance of facilitating the delivery of humanitarian aid to Gaza.”Defense Minister Yoav Gallant, April 7, 2024.[8]

In fact, Israel is fighting a defensive war against the Hamas terrorist organization in Gaza in response to Hamas’s genocidal October 7th massacre of Israelis. On October 7th, some 3,000 Hamas terrorists infiltrated Israel, committed horrific atrocities, including rape, murder, torture, burning people alive, and mutilating dead bodies. They slaughtered 1,200 people, including whole families, injured more than 5,500, and took over 240 hostages. This was the largest pre-mediated mass murder of Jews in a single day since the Holocaust.

These atrocities were the implementation of the genocidal Hamas Charter which speaks of “our struggle against the Jews,” states that “jihad” in response to “the Jews’ usurpation of Palestine” is “the duty of every Moslem,” and that Moslems should “confront the Zionist invasion and defeat it.”[9] Hamas’s genocidal intent on October 7th was confirmed by senior Hamas member Ghazi Hamad in an October 24th interview in which he vowed that Hamas would repeat the October 7th attack “again and again” and that Hamas’s goal was “the annihilation of Israel.”[10] The terrorists themselves boasted of killing and capturing Jews and told their interrogators that the goal was to kill as many Jews as possible.[11]

Israel’s military response in Gaza represents necessary and lawful self-defense to protect its citizens and prevent further genocidal attacks by Hamas. Throughout the fighting, Israel has taken extensive measures to protect Gazan civilians, including by providing warnings,[12] facilitating evacuations from combat zones,[13] establishing humanitarian corridors,[14] taking humanitarian pauses from fighting,[15] and facilitating the delivery of humanitarian aid.[16]

On the other hand, Hamas has deliberately endangered Gazan civilians as part of its military strategy. Hamas embeds itself in the civilian infrastructure of Gaza, including in homes, hospitals, mosques, and schools, causing Palestinian civilians to be killed and injured.[17]

Therefore, Gaza casualty data published by the Hamas-run Gaza Health Ministry, even if taken at face value, does not indicate that genocide is being perpetrated in Gaza. Aside from the fact that the data does not distinguish between civilians and combatants, it also does not account for deaths directly caused by Hamas aggression, whether from embedding itself in the civilian infrastructure, misfiring rockets,[18] shooting at evacuating civilians,[19] or shooting at civilians attempting to take humanitarian aid.[20] While all civilian deaths are tragic, sadly such deaths are an inevitable consequence of war.

Israel’s evacuation of Gazans to southern Gaza away from the most intense fighting also is not evidence of genocide. To the contrary, this shows Israel’s compliance with International Humanitarian Law, particularly the principle of precaution, which requires taking care to “avoid or minimize incidental civilian losses.”[21] Thus, even though Israel’s extensive evacuation warnings necessarily compromise Israel’s military advantage, the IDF nevertheless prioritizes protecting Gazan civilians. According to urban warfare expert John Spencer, Israel has “taken more care to prevent [civilian deaths in Gaza] than any other army in human history.”[22]

Finally, charging Israel with the heinous crime of genocide for conducting this defensive war against the Hamas terrorist organization is patently antisemitic because it transforms the Jews, who were the victims of both the worst genocide in history—the Holocaust—and the genocidal October 7th Hamas attack, into perpetrators of those very same crimes. The countries behind these accusations, including Iran, Iraq, Qatar, and Cuba, completely ignore Hamas’s stated intent to pursue further attacks until Israel is “annihilated” and Israel’s legitimate security needs. This shows that what lies behind the accusation is not justice, but rather a desire to demonize and delegitimize Israel, which advances Hamas’ interests by restraining the ability of the world’s only Jewish state to defend itself.

[1] ICJ Rejects Yugoslavia’s Request For Order To Halt Use Of Force By Portugal, Remains Seized of Case, UN (June 3, 1999),

[2] Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, December 9, 1948, 78 U.N.T.S. 277 (entered into force January 12, 1951), Doc.1_Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.pdf.

[3] @IDF, Twitter (October 18, 2023, 10:50 PM),

[4] Israel sets out 3 phases of war; will seek new ‘security regime’ once Hamas vanquished, Times of Israel (October 20, 2023),

[5] PM Netanyahu’s Statement at the Press Conference with Defense Minister Yoav Gallant and Minister Benny Gantz, Prime Minister’s Office (November 18, 2023),

[6] Benjamin Netanyahu: Our Three Prerequisites for Peace, Wall Street Journal (December 25, 2023),

[7] Press Briefing by IDF Spokesperson, Rear Admiral Daniel Hagari, IDF (March 4, 2024),

[8] Gallant: Gaza aid is important, while we work to destroy Hamas and release hostages, Times of Israel (April 7, 2024),

[9] The Covenant of the Islamic Resistance Movement, Hamas (August 18, 1988),

[10] Hamas Official Ghazi Hamad: We Will Repeat The October 7th Attack, Time And Again, Until Israel Is Annihilated; We Are Victims – Everything We Do Is Justified, MEMRI (November 1, 2023),

[11]; “Those Who Come to Kill You” – Film by Tzvi Yehezkeli, Channel 13 (March 10, 2024),

[12] @IDF, Twitter (October 13, 2023, 8:50 AM),; @IDF, Twitter (December 1, 2023, 12:01 PM),; John Spencer, Israel Implemented More Measures to Prevent Civilian Casualties Than Any Other Nation in History, Newsweek (January 31, 2024),

[13] IDF facilitating evacuation from hospitals in northern Gaza, Jerusalem Post (November 12, 2023),; IDF Enables Evacuation of the Rantisi and Nasser Hospitals in Gaza; Opens Additional Route Gazans’ Evacuation Southwards, IDF (November 11, 2023),

[14] IDF has facilitated the reopening of a humanitarian corridor, IDF (November 5, 2023),; Thousands of Gazans use humanitarian corridor to move south as IDF presses offensive, Times of Israel (November 8, 2023),

[15] Israel agrees to 4-hour daily pauses in Gaza fighting to allow civilians to flee, White Houses says, AP (November 10, 2023),

[16] Israel’s Humanitarian Efforts, COGAT (Last visited March 19, 2024),; Humanitarian Aid, Urban Warfare and Everything in Between: A 7-Minute Summary of War Against Hamas, IDF (January 11, 2024),

[17] IDF Operations in Gaza: Over 700 Hamas rocket launchers destroyed, I24 News (January 12, 2024),; Rocket Launchers Near Kindergarten and Mosque, Tunnel Shaft Near Water Facility, IDF (February 9, 2024),; Islamic Jihad spokesman admits taking over all Gaza hospitals, Jerusalem Post (April 8, 2024),

[18] IDF: One in five Gaza rockets misfires, kills Palestinians, Jerusalem Post (October 21, 2023),

[19] LISTEN: Hamas blocks road to Gazans fleeing- ‘They’re shooting at people,’ Jerusalem Post (October 26, 2023),

[20] Hamas policeman fatally shoots young Gazan seeking aid in Rafah, unrest and riots follow, I24 News (December 24, 2023),

[21] IHL Rule 15, Principle of Precautions in Attack, ICRC Database (Last visited April 11, 2024),,and%20damage%20to%20civilian%20objects.

[22] John Spencer, Israel Implemented More Measures to Prevent Civilian Casualties Than Any Other Nation in History, Newsweek (January 31, 2024),

UN Watch