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Hamas Says Gaza Not “Occupied”; U.N. Disagrees
GENEVA, Jan. 3 – The UN’s continued labeling of the Gaza Strip as “occupied” was directly contradicted today by a top leader of Hamas, the vehemently anti-Israel Palestinian terror group that controls the territory.
Noting the Hamas statement reflects the reality since Israel’s full withdrawal in 2005, the Geneva-based monitoring group UN Watch called on the UN to encourage Palestinians to take responsibility for areas they control, and to cease referring to Gaza, in reports and through officials and spokespeople, as “occupied territory.”
“The UN’s traditional practice of absolving Palestinians of responsibility hasn’t helped them one iota,” said Hillel Neuer, UN Watch executive director. “On the contrary, Palestinian citizens are the main losers when those that directly govern and police them are never seriously held accountable for their actions.”
“Now that the Palestinians running Gaza publicly regognize that it’s not occupied — which has been the reality since Israel’s disengagement removed every solider, civilian and setttlement in 2005 — the UN’s refusal to do the same will only hinder Palestinians from developing a healthy culture of self-rule,” said Neuer.
Hamas leader Mahmoud Zahhar confirmed there was no Israeli occupation of the territory in comments reported today by the Bethlehem-based Ma’an News Agency.
Zahhar was casting doubt on whether Hamas would organize anti-Israel marches in Gaza in conjunction with similar protests that the Fatah-controlled Palestinian Authority would organize in the West Bank.
“Against whom could we demonstrate in the Gaza Strip? When Gaza was occupied, that model was applicable,” Zahhar said, according to Ma’an.
The Hamas statement follows growing recognition among international lawyers that the UN’s resistance to holding Palestinians responsible for territory they control is outdated.
In a recent article in the American University International Law Review, legal scholar Elizabeth Samson explains that under the Geneva Conventions and international judicial precedents, Gaza can no longer be considered occupied as Israel no longer exercises “effective control.”
The Israeli Supreme Court also ruled on January 30, 2008 that Israel had disengaged from the Gaza Strip and had “no effective control over what occurred there.”
Instead, Samson argues, Gaza’s unique “intermediate” legal status should be recognized to allow the Palestinians to exercise complete autonomy, laying the groundwork for a Palestinian state existing peacefully beside Israel.
However, the UN’s official policy has not changed since Secretary General Ban Ki-moon’s spokesman, Farhan Haq, declared in 2009 that “the U.N. defines Gaza, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem as occupied Palestinian territory.”
The UN terminology continues to appear. A September 22 report in the name of Mr. Ban speaks of a UN mission’s visit to the “occupied Palestinian territory, specifically the Gaza Strip.” InMay, Richard Falk, the UN’s permanent investigator on alleged Israeli violations, referred to the “occupied Gaza Strip.” A UN fact sheet on “the Occupied Palestinian Territory” includes Gaza.
After Sarkozy tells Assad to go, rights group urges US, France, UK to press for UN Security Council referral of Syria to International Criminal Court
Arab League mission to Syria called “toothless”
GENEVA, Jan. 3 – With French President Nicolas Sarkozy calling today for President Bashar al-Assad of Syria to step aside for overseeing “disgusting” massacres, there should be stepped-up efforts in the UN Security Council to have Syrian leaders investigated for war crimes, urges a Geneva-based human rights group.
“Led by a former Sudanese general who himself has a highly questionable human rights record, the Arab League’s peace initiative has proven to be toothless with the Assad regime continuing to kill innocent civilians,” said Hillel Neuer, executive director of UN Watch.
“The UN Security Council is the only body that can have the International Criminal Court launch an investigation because Syria signed but never ratified the court’s founding Rome Statute.”
“Opposition to a referral by Russia and China, which hold veto power in the Security Council, will appear all the more misplaced if the Council’s other three permanent members—the United States, France and Britain—press the issue in the open.”
Sarkozy told an audience of French military personnel Tuesday the “massacres being committed by the Syrian regime” have aroused disgust around the world, and that Assad should allow Syrians to decide their own future, the Associated Press reported.
Navi Pillay, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, told the Security Council Dec. 13 that the widespread killings and torture in Syria “constituted crimes against humanity,” and that “there should be a referral to the International Criminal Court.”
Michael Lynk, the UN Human Rights Council’s monitor charged with investigating “Israel’s violations of the bases and principles of international law,” together with Tlaleng Mofokeng,